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Difference Between Fine Motor and Gross Motor Skills

Fine and gross motor skills are both very important to a child's development; however, understanding the difference between the two is crucial. The difference primarily lies in what type of muscles are performing the action. Find out some more information about the two skill sets below.

Gross Motor Skills:

  • Involves the larger muscle groups in the body to perform large movements

  • Develops before fine motor skills with milestones such as rolling, crawling, sitting, pulling to stand etc.

  • This skill set is the foundation in order to have control over fine motor skills

  • Vital for participation in sports, physical activity and mobility

  • Power and coordination are the building blocks to developing gross motor skills

Fine Motor Skills:

  • Involves the smaller muscle groups in the hands and fingers that work to perform precise movements and control small objects

  • Important for carrying out daily tasks such as utensil use, fasteners, shoe tying, handwriting, and scissor use etc.

  • Emphasis on precision and control rather than power

  • Develops further into infancy as opposed to gross motor skills

  • Typically coincides with precise hand eye coordination tasks

DISCLAIMER: The content in this blog should not be used in place of medical advice/treatment and is solely for informational purposes. All activities/exercises posted in this blog should be performed with adult supervision, caution, and at your own risk. Big Leaps, LLC is not responsible for any injury while performing an activity/exercise that has been posted on this blog. If you have any information on the content of our blog, feel free to contact us at


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