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What does a Speech Pathologist do?

When you hear "Speech Pathologist," "Speech Therapist," or "SLP" most likely your first thought is they are the people who teach you how to say your sounds correctly. Think lisps, difficulty saying "r," etc. Well, this is true, but the Speech Pathologist scope of practice is much larger than just speech sound corrections. SLP's are licensed to evaluate, diagnose, and treat a wide array of disorders and deficits from speech sound disorders to feeding and swallowing deficits.

While this list is in no way comprehensive, here is a quick look at the 3 main areas SLP's work in:

Speech and Voice:

Speech Sound Disorders-how we articulate the sounds we make

Phonology and Phonetics-speech patterns and word manipulation

Voice Disorders-pitch, pace, volume, breathing disorders, and medical concerns such as vocal nodules



Expressive language-what words we use to express needs, wants, etc.

Receptive language-what we understand from language we hear

Pragmatic language-how we use our language skills in social situations

Feeding and Swallowing

Bottle feeding/breastfeeding-latching, lip closure, sucking

Feeding-sensory and food aversions

Swallowing-anatomy and physiology of the swallow mechanism

In conclusion, a SLP can work with a lot of different concerns. If you have any concerns about your child's speech, language, or feeding development, please contact a Speech Pathologist to discuss and see if an evaluation is warranted. The earlier intervention occurs the better the outcome results.


The content in this blog should not be used in place of medical advice/treatment and is solely for informational purposes. All activities/exercises posted in this blog should be performed with adult supervision, caution, and at your own risk. Big Leaps, LLC is not responsible for any injury while performing an activity/exercise that has been posted on this blog. If you have any information on the content of our blog, feel free to contact us at


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